Caput Succedaneum (Swelling of the Scalp During Labor)

Caput Succedaneum” describes swelling, or edema, of a baby’s scalp that looks like a lump or bump on their head soon after distribution. This problem is harmless as well as results from pressure placed on the infant’s head throughout shipment. It does not show damage to the brain or the bones of the cranium. It can, however, result in other concerns, such as jaundice.

Though triggered by comparable elements, this problem needs to not be confused with cephalohematoma, which describes hemorrhaging under the scalp.

What Creates Caput Succedaneum?

Long term pressure from the dilated cervix or genital wall surfaces on the baby’s head causes swelling, puffiness, as well as wounding. These are trademark signs and symptoms of caput succedaneum. A long, challenging labor with a great deal of pushing could trigger this condition. Making use of vacuum cleaner suction or forceps additionally can raise the threat of this sort of swelling.

Scalp swelling could be most likely if the amniotic sac membranes burst early in labor. In many cases, if the membranes rupture really early or if there’s too little fluid in the amniotic cavity, the mother’s pelvic bones will certainly put pressure on the baby’s head. As a result, this type of scalp swelling may occur before labor and can be seen in utero on ultrasound.

Usually, the longer there’s a liquid padding around the baby, the lower the chances of scalp swelling.

What Are the Symptoms of Caput Succedaneum?

What Are the Symptoms of Caput Succedaneum?
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The main symptom of caput succedaneum is puffiness under the skin of the scalp. The skin is swollen and also soft. Pressing on it might result in a dimple real. The swelling might be on one side or could cross the midline of the scalp. The impacts are generally most noticeable on the part of the skull that was the initial to come down the birth canal.

There could be some discoloration or bruising, yet this is not as extensive as in cephalohematoma. As soon as the swelling goes down, you might observe that your infant’s head is slightly sharp, as a result of the pressure on the bones of the head. This is called molding. This should disappear in time. The bones of your infant’s head typically aren’t fused and can move substantially without damages.

A physical examination of the newborn infant is all that’s essential for a medical diagnosis.

What Is the Treatment for Caput Succedaneum?

Caput succedaneum will certainly improve by itself within a couple of days. Any kind of initiatives to drain pipes the liquid from the scalp could result in other problems such as infection.

The problem often fixes itself within a couple of days. No treatment is typically needed. Actually, attempting to drain the scalp area might cause infections that will aggravate the condition. However, given that the brusing caused by caput succedaneum may break down right into the bilirubin, there is an enhanced risk of the infant establishing jaundice. Jaundice, if treated, normally won’t pose any issues. Yet, if left undiagnosed and also neglected, could result in extreme medical concerns, consisting of brain damage and in severe instances, crib death.

Caput Succedaneum  Diagnosis

If the baby establishes jaundice that’s dealt with instantly, there is generally no long-term problems related to caput succedaneum as the baby’s scalp begins to recover within a dew days and the head go back to its regular dimension. However, as previously discussed, without treatment jaundice can lead to numerous long-term difficulties, including Kernicterus, a form of brain damage that can be noted by:.

  • Athetoid cerebral palsy
  • Hearing loss
  • Poor tooth enamel advancement
  • Permanent upward gaze

Additional Tips To Keep In Mind

Several parents are usually afraid as well as confused at the look of a baby with caput succedaneum. The head could take on an unusually huge appearance, protruding around the impacted scalp location. Remember that this is a typical look for children with this sort of condition, and also because it normally happens quickly after birth, your physician must have the ability to react right away in order to spot other problems. The child’s head will certainly resume its regular form after the swelling decreases.

What Are the Potential Complications of Caput Succedaneum?

The swelling and also wounding may increase the risk of infant jaundice, which is yellowing of the skin because of excess bilirubin in the blood. Inning accordance with the Mayo Clinic, this ought to clear without treatment within two to three weeks. Occasionally, unattended jaundice can lead to major illness, so make certain your child’s medical professional addresses your concerns regarding jaundice.

If your kid creates jaundice that doesn’t improve within a number of weeks, contact your child’s medical professional. Blood tests may be essential to identify the underlying source of the jaundice.

What Is the Long-Term Overview?

No therapy is needed for this problem, and also there should be no lasting impacts. The swelling ought to decrease within a number of days, and the scalp must appear normal within days or weeks.

A large or swollen head is a typical signs and symptom of this problem. Your infant’s medical professional will have the ability to diagnose their condition after delivery and can check their problem making sure there are no long lasting impacts.

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